Missionary Biographies --

David Brainerd

1718-1747 -- Missionary to the American Indians in New York, New Jersey, and eastern Pennsylvania. Born in Connecticut in 1718, he died of tuberculosis at the age of twenty-nine in 1747. Jonathan Edwards preached the funeral sermon and published the diary which David had kept.

William Carey

1761-1834 -- English Baptist missionary to India. Born in England in 1761. Pastor before going to the mission field, he spent an active forty-one years serving the Lord in India, including translating the Scriptures.

Jonathan Goforth

1859-1936 -- Canadian missionary to China. It is said of him that "when he found his own soul needed Jesus Christ, it became a passion with him to take Jesus Christ to every soul."

George Grenfell

1849-1906 -- English Baptist missionary and explorer to Africa. Labored for thirty-two years in Africa; the first three years in the Cameroons and the remaining years in the Congo.

Adoniram Judson

1788-1850 -- American Baptist missionary, lexicographer, and Bible translator to Burma. Born in Massachusetts in 1788. Helped form the American Baptist Missionary Union. In 1834 completed a translation of the whole Bible into the Burmese language. During the Anglo-Burmese War, he spent twenty-one months in prison. From 1845-1847, after thirty-four years in Burma, he took his only furlough to his native land. Returning to Burma, he spent his remaining years working on his English-Burmese dictionary. He died in 1850 and was buried at sea.

David Livingstone

1813-1873 -- Scottish missionary, doctor and explorer who helped open the heart of Africa to missions. His travels covered one-third of the continent, from the Cape to near the Equator, and from the Atlantic to the Indian Ocean.

Alexander M. Mackay

1849-1890 -- Pioneer engineer-missionary to Uganda. Arrived in Zanzibar in 1876; he reached Uganda in 1878. Built 230 miles of road to Uganda from the coast. Translated Matthew's Gospel into Luganda. Died in 1890 having spent fourteen years in Africa without once returning home to native Scotland.

Samuel Marsden

1764-1838 -- English missionary to New South Wales, Australia, where he began serving as chaplain to convicts in a penal colony in 1794; and to New Zealand where he was the first to present the gospel to the Maoris in 1814. He returned to England once in 1807-1808.

Robert Moffat

1795-1883 -- Scottish pioneer missionary to South Africa for over 50 years. He opened mission stations in the interior, translated the Bible into the language of the Bechuanas, and wrote two missionary books on South Africa: Labors and Scenes in South Africa and Rivers of Water in a Dry Place. His oldest daughter Mary, married David Livingstone.

Henry Nott

1774-1844 -- English missionary to Tahiti (in the Society Islands of Polynesia). One of the first missionaries sent out by the newly organized London Missionary Society, he arrived in Tahiti in 1797. Returned to England only two times during 47 years on the field. Nott was the principal translator of the Bible into Tahitian.

John Gibson Paton

1824-1907 -- Scottish missionary to the New Hebrides. Before sailing there with his newly wed wife in 1858, he was a city missionary in Glasgow for ten years. Began work on Tanna, an island inhabited by savage cannibals; later worked on the island of Aniwa. He gave to the Aniwan people the first hymnbook in their own language and translated the New Testament into their language.

Mary Slessor

1848-1915 -- Scottish missionary who served the Lord Jesus Christ in Africa where she was commonly called "Ma" Slessor. Mary was born in 1848 in Gilcomston, a suburb of Aberdeen, the second of seven children, only four of whom survived childhood. Her father, Robert Slessor, originally from Buchan, was a shoemaker to trade. Her mother, from Oldmeldrum, was a deeply religious woman of sweet disposition, who had a keen interest in missionary work in the Calabar region of Nigeria.

Charles Thomas (C.T.) Studd

1860-1931 -- English missionary who faithfully served His Saviour in China, India, and Africa. His motto was: "If Jesus Christ is God and died for me, then no sacrifice can be too great for me to make for Him."

James Hudson Taylor

1832-1905 -- English missionary to China. Founded the China Inland Mission which at his death included 205 mission stations with over 800 missionaries, and 125,000 Chinese Christians.

Christian Biography Resources

Phillip Bliss, Fanny Crosby, and others.